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Host to the World


In October, 1971, Iran was host to the world. In Persepolis, the spiritual capital of the first world empire, and Tehran, the capital of modern Iran, glittering ceremonies were held to mark the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great. Heads of state and their personal representatives together with large numbers of distinguished statesmen, scholars and journalists attended the ceremonies to celebrate and pay homage to Iran's history.

Nikolai Podgorny, President of the Presidium of the Soviet Union

King Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho

President of Finland, Dr. Urho Kekkonen

President Suleiman Franjie of the Lebanon

His Majesty King Hossein of Jordan

Sheikh Isa bin Sulman al Khalifah, the Ruler of Bahrain

President of State Council of Rumania, Nicolai Ceausescu

Imelda Marcos, wife of The Philippines' President, Ferdinand Marcos

Distinguished Guests

The European Royal Families were present in great force: TM The King and Queen of Denmark, Frederik IX and Ingrid, were the most senior royal guests. From neighboring Norway HM The King, Olav V also attended, while the old King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden had sent his grandson and heir, HRH Crown Prince Carl Gustaf. The King and Queen of the Belgians, Baudouin I and Fabiola, represented their country in the festivities, while the exiled but still titular sovereign couple of Greece, TM King Constantine and Queen Anne-Marie of The Hellenes, were accompanied by HRH Prince Michael of Greece to the celebrations. HM The Queen of the Netherlands was represented by her husband, HRH The Prince Bernhard. The Royal Family Luxembourg was present at the highest level, with TRH The Grand-Duke and Grand-Duchess of Luxembourg, Jean and Josephine-Charlotte, traveling to Iran with their daughter, the young Princess Astrid. TSH The Prince and Princess of Monaco, Rainier III and Grace, attended, as did TSH The Prince and Princess of Liechtenstein, Franz Joseph II and Gina. TRH The Prince and Princess of Spain, Juan Carlos and Sofia, represented General Franco and the Kingdom of Spain at the festivities. Prince Juan Carlos, previously known as Prince of the Asturias, had been designated successor of dictator Francisco Franco “with the title of King” in 1969. The European republics were also well represented: the President of the Soviet Union, Nikolai Podgorny, met in Teheran some of the other communist leaders of Europe: Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia (accompanied by his wife Jovanka), President Ceaucescu of Romania (accompanied by his wife Elena) and President Pal Losonczi of Hungary. President Ludvík Svoboda of Czechoslovakia, President Cevdet Sunay of Turkey and President Urho Kekkonen of Finland completed the list of European heads of state. His Holiness Pope Paul VI sent Cardinal Maximilian of Furstenberg as his special representative. The French President had planned to attend, but later decided to send his Prime Minister, Jacques Chaban-Delmas, who was accompanied by his wife, whom he had recently married. The German Chancellor Willy Brandt, who would receive the Nobel Peace Prize a few weeks later in Norway, represented West Germany, while Emilio Colombo, the Italian Prime Minister, represented Italy. Vice-President Klimaszewski represented Poland and Fritz Wahlen, former President of Switzerland, represented his country. Portugal was represented by the Foreign Affairs Minister, Rui Patrício.

Asia was also present in force: HM The King of Jordan, Hussein, and his second wife, HRH Princess Muna, were accompanied by King Husseins young sister, Princess Basma. TM The King and Queen of Nepal, TM The King and Queen of Malaysia, HRH Prince Bhalubandutzagala of Thailand, Prince Abdul Vali Khan (uncle of HM The King of Afghanistan) and Prince Mikasa of Japan (brother of HIM Emperor Hirohito) were among the Asian royals present at the celebrations. In addition, the Sultan of Oman and the Emirs of Kuwait and Bahrein were equally present. General Yahya Khan, the President of Pakistan, was accompanied by the Begum Aga Khan III during the celebrations. From neighbouring India came President Varahagiri Giri Venkata, while from China came the Vice-President of the National Assembly, Kuo Mo-jo. The President of Lebanon, Suleiman Franjieh, and the Prime Ministers of Yemen and Korea. President Marcos of the Philippines was represented by his wife, Imelda, and their daughter.

From Africa came HIM The Emperor of Ethiopia, Hailé Selassié, and HM The King of Lesotho, King Moshoeshoe II, while King Hassan II of Morocco preferred to send his brother as his representative, and Prince Makhosini, Prime Minister of Swaziland, represented his sovereign. Other heads of state from Africa present were Hubert Maga, President of Dahomey (later Benin), Leopold Senghor, President of Senegal, Moktar Ould Daddah, President of Mauritania, and Jacobus Fouché, President of South Africa. The Prime Minister of Algeria was also present, while the Tunisian President sent a special representative.

From the United States of America, President Nixon sent his Vice-President, Spiro Agnew, to represent him, while from Canada the Governor-General Roland Michener attended. Petronio Portela, President of the Brazilian Government, represented Brazil. Finally, the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Paul Hasluck, represented his country.


State Banquet in Honor of the Distinguished Guests

From left, King Frederik IX of Denmark, King Olav V of Norway, King Constantine II of The Hellenes, Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes, Crown Prince Carl Gustaf of Sweden, Vice-President Spiro Agnew and his wife, Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, Imelda Marcos, First Lady of the Philippines, the President of Turkey and the Queen of the Belgians

HIM Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi & HIM Farah Pahlavi

His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Ethiopia

King Hossain of Jordan and Queen Fabiola of Belgium

King Constantine II and Queen Anne-Marie

Grand Duke & Duchess Jean and Josephine-Charlotte of Luxembourg

Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands

Princess Anne and Prince Philip from the United Kingdom

Prince Rainier and Princess Grace of Monaco

Queen Fabiola of the Belgium and Princess Sofia of Spain

Prince Franz Joseph II and Princess Gina of Liechtenstein

Princess Sophia of Spain and the Begum Aga Khan III

Emperor of Ethiopia, King Baudouin and Queen Fabiola


and the ceremonies and the various other functions continued...

• Dynasties • Prehistoric • Achaemenian • Arsacids • Sassanids • Saffarids • Dailamites •

• Homage to Cyrus • Cyrus the Great • Host to the World • Parade • Soliders •